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Audi A8

It was for the first time shown in February, 1994. A8 — the luxury first-ever car released by a big series. The car with forward or full quattro the drive, the bearing body from the aluminum alloy made on Audi Space Frame® technology has rich equipment on the basis of electronics and modern technologies.

All-wheel drive modification of 2.8 quattro came out in 1995. In June of the same year the new engine 3,7 V8 is installed. In January, 1996 the engine 2,8 V6 30 of valves (193 h.p.) appears.

The complete set of all modifications of the A8 series is expanded. Till 1996 the conditioner was included in the serial package only of the cars equipped with "eights". Now without surcharges also owners of cars with 6-cylinder motors can use the conditioner. The front-wheel option is in addition equipped with ABS, four side inflatable safety cushions (plus safety cushions for the driver and the forward passenger).

New scale of engines of 1997 is, first of all the V-shaped six-cylinder diesel with a turbo-supercharging and direct injection. Its working volume makes 2,5 l, and power reaches 150 h.p. Steadiness, power characteristics, and also economic indicators put the engine 2,5 TDI in one row with the best motors in the class. In addition, A8 is issued with the 2,8-liter six-cylinder engine, and also with V-shaped "eight" with a working volume of 3,7 and 4,2 l with a power of 230 and 300 h.p. respectively. The car can be completed with both a mechanical box, and five-step "automatic machine" of ZF.

The S8 model represents especially high-speed A8 option and is equipped with V-shaped "eight" with the increased power up to 340 h.p. and the mechanical 6-staged transmission.

In November, 1998 in Germany new modification of Audi A8 is presented, in June, 1999 there was a model with the increased power, in February, 2000 — with the new engine 2,5 V6 TDI (180 hp).

The body of the car is completely made of light alloys on Audi Space Frame® technology. On the frame welded from aluminum shapes panels from aluminum — wings, a roof, sidewalls are hung. All details are made of special aluminum alloy which is not subject to corrosion, easily give in to processing and better absorb energy of blow. Forward and back suspension brackets independent, four-lever, collected on a stretcher.

The modernized option externally differs from previous in a new front grille, modified bumpers and door handles, and also headlights of head light with smooth glass. In general differences are a little noticeable. The body design is a little changed.

ESP is included into serial equipment now. Richly registered salon is equipped with safety cushions in the head for sitting in front and behind. Internal illumination of salon is newly designed.

Eight-cylinder engines are equipped with new heads with five valves on the cylinder and an inlet path of variable length. As a result engine capacity of 3.7 liters grew to 191 kW, torque — to 350 Nanometers, and engine capacity of 4.2 liters — to 228 kW, torque — 410 Nanometers.

For reduction of nepodressorenny weight and improvement of characteristics of controllability of the drive of wheels are also produced from aluminum alloy.

Audi A8 with a turbodiesel differs in the highest technical characteristics: power of 150 h.p., torque is higher than 310 Nanometers, and it remains maximum in record-breaking wide range of turns (from 1500 to 3200), fuel consumption makes at a speed of 90, 120 km/h and in a city cycle — 4,4; 5,7; 8,5 l on 100 km.

The German chancellor Gerhard Schröder preferred the long-wheelbase Audi A8 which is specially made for him to the representative Mercedes cars which the German chancellors traditionally used.

In 2000 the A8 family was added with two 180 and 225 h.p. new diesel units. Now the A8 program turns on five 180 — 310 h.p. engines, three of which can be installed as on front-wheel, and all-wheel drive chassis. Let's especially note the Europe's first 3,3-liter V8 diesel with a power of 225 h.p., which turns A8 3.3TDI into some kind of "diesel" express which is ideally adapted for economic driving on autobahns. This power unit is completed only With 5-staged "automatic machine" and only on the quattro chassis. Its maximum speed reaches 242 km/h, dispersal from the place to 100 km/h — 8,2 with, and fuel consumption in a conditional European suburban riding cycle — only 7,3 l / 100 km against 8,9 l / 100 km for a 260-strong petrol analog.

The most prestigious is Quattro 4,2 A8 complete set extended on 130 mm with the engine in 310 h.p. The car can have an exclusive interior and to be executed as "office on wheels".

It is interesting that even in this class Audi have a special "sports" S8 version. First it was completed only with a mechanical 6-staged box, however later quite naturally there was also 5-staged "automatic machine" Tiptronic equipped with the DSP system giving the chance of "manual" gear shifting. The S8 chassis differs in 18-inch wheels and more rigid suspension bracket with the road gleam reduced by 20 mm. The car is intended for the wealthy people preferring to drive personally the car. Level of safety and comfort of S8 is very high.

The technological level of top models of Audi steadily increases. Now the most powerful modification — Audi A8 W12 is offered to admirers of limousines with an aluminum body — it is equipped with the 420 h.p. 6,0-liter 12-cylinder engine.

  • 1 1 kljuchi
  • 1 10 avtomaticheskaja korobka peredach
  • 1 11 zamok zazhiganija
  • 1 12 pusk dvigatelja
  • 1 13 organy upravlenija pribory i oborudovanie
  • 1 14 bortovoj kompjuter
  • 1 15 vykljuchateli i perekljuchateli
  • 1 16 ochistiteli i omyvateli stekol
  • 1 17 otoplenie i ventiljacija
  • 1 18 kondicioner
  • 1 19 avtonomnaja sistema obogreva i ventiljacii
  • 1 2 dveri
  • 1 20 simvoly upravlenija
  • 1 21 kapot
  • 1 22 motornyj otsek
  • 1 23 avtomagnitola
  • 1 3 jelektrosteklopodemniki
  • 1 4 ustanovka zerkal
  • 1 5 remni bezopasnosti
  • 1 6 sistema podushek bezopasnosti
  • 1 7 sidenja
  • 1 8 regulirovka rulevoj kolonki
  • 1 9 stojanochnyj tormoz
  • 1 jekspluatacija avtomobilja
  • 10 1 obwie svedenija
  • 10 2 proverka sistemy predpuskovogo podogreva dizelnyh dvigatelej
  • 10 sistema predpuskovogo podogreva dizelnyh dvigatelej
  • 11 1 obwie svedenija
  • 11 2 turbokompressor
  • 11 3 sistema vypuska otrabotavshih gazov
  • 11 sistema vypuska otrabotavshih gazov avtomobilej s dizelnymi dvigateljami
  • 12 1 rekomendacii po primeneniju motornyh masel
  • 12 2 masljanyj poddon i masljanyj nasos dizelnogo dvigatelja 2 5 l
  • 12 3 masljanyj poddon i masljanyj nasos dizelnogo dvigatelja 3 3 l
  • 12 4 masljanyj poddon i masljanyj nasos benzinovogo dvigatelja 2 8 l
  • 12 5 masljanyj nasos benzinovyh dvigatelej 3 7 i 4 2 l
  • 12 sistema smazki
  • 13 1 obwie svedenija
  • 13 10 perednjaja sekcija truby sistemy ohlazhdenija dizelnogo dvigatelja 2 5 l
  • 13 11 levaja sekcija truby sistemy ohlazhdenija dizelnogo dvigatelja 2 5 l
  • 13 12 pravaja sekcija truby sistemy ohlazhdenija dizelnogo dvigatelja 2 5 l
  • 13 13 centralnaja sekcija truby sistemy ohlazhdenija dizelnogo dvigatelja 2 5 l
  • 13 14 vodjanoj nasos dizelnyh dvigatelej 3 3 l
  • 13 15 termostat dizelnyh dvigatelej 3 3 l
  • 13 16 perednjaja srednjaja truba sistemy ohlazhdenija dizelnogo dvigatelja 3 3 l
  • 13 17 levaja srednjaja truba sistemy ohlazhdenija dizelnogo dvigatelja 3 3 l
  • 13 18 radiator
  • 13 2 termostat
  • 13 3 zamena ohlazhdajuwej zhidkosti
  • 13 4 vodjanoj nasos benzinovyh dvigatelej 2 8 l
  • 13 5 soedinitelnye truby sistemy ohlazhdenija
  • 13 6 vodjanoj nasos benzinovyh dvigatelej 3 7 i 4 2 l
  • 13 7 termostat benzinovyh dvigatelej 3 7 i 4 2 l
  • 13 8 vodjanoj nasos dizelnyh dvigatelej 2 5 l
  • 13 9 termostat dizelnogo dvigatelja 2 5 l
  • 13 sistema ohlazhdenija
  • 14 1 obwie svedenija
  • 14 2 glavnyj cilindr sceplenija
  • 14 3 udalenie vozduha iz gidravlicheskogo privoda sceplenija
  • 14 4 mehanizm vykljuchenija sceplenija
  • 14 5 vedomyj disk sceplenija
  • 14 sceplenie
  • 15 1 mehanicheskaja korobka peredach
  • 15 2 snjatie i ustanovka mehanicheskoj korobki
  • 15 3 remont mehanicheskoj korobki peredach
  • 15 4 avtomaticheskaja korobka peredach
  • 15 5 diagnostika avtomaticheskoj korobki peredach
  • 15 6 selektor avtomaticheskoj korobki peredach
  • 15 7 tros selektora avtomaticheskoj korobki peredach
  • 15 8 snjatie i ustanovka avtomaticheskoj korobki peredach
  • 15 korobka peredach
  • 16 1 obwie svedenija
  • 16 2 snjatie i ustanovka vala privoda
  • 16 3 snjatie i ustanovka vneshnego sharnira vala privoda
  • 16 4 obojma sharnira vala privoda
  • 16 valy privoda perednih koles
  • 17 1 obwie svedenija
  • 17 2 kardannyj val
  • 17 3 regulirovka polozhenija kardannogo vala
  • 17 4 glavnaja zadnjaja peredacha
  • 17 5 zadnie valy privoda
  • 17 6 differencial glavnoj zadnej peredachi
  • 17 osobennosti konstrukcii transmissii polnoprivodnyh avtomobilej
  • 18 1 perednjaja podveska
  • 18 10 poperechnyj rychag zadnej podveski
  • 18 11 zadnjaja nizhnjaja rama
  • 18 2 amortizatornaja stojka
  • 18 3 razborka i sborka amortizatornoj stojki
  • 18 4 povorotnyj kulak
  • 18 5 nizhnjaja perednjaja rama
  • 18 6 perednij stabilizator poperechnoj ustojchivosti
  • 18 7 zadnjaja podveska
  • 18 8 zadnij amortizator
  • 18 9 proverka amortizatora
  • 18 podveska
  • 19 1 obwie svedenija
  • 19 2 indikatory iznosa shin
  • 19 3 proverka ventilja
  • 19 4 diski i shiny
  • 19 5 zamena koles
  • 19 6 bolty sekretki dlja kreplenija koles
  • 19 kolesa i shiny
  • 2 1 periodichnost tehnicheskogo obsluzhivanija
  • 2 10 proverka sostojanija poliklinovogo remnja
  • 2 11 proverka zawitnogo chehla vala privoda
  • 2 12 vizualnaja proverka germetichnosti korobki peredach
  • 2 13 proverka urovnja masla v mehanicheskoj korobke peredach
  • 2 14 zamena i proverka urovnja masla v avtomaticheskoj korobke peredach
  • 2 15 proverka perednej podveski i rulevogo upravlenija
  • 2 16 proverka grjazezawitnyh chehlov sharnirov perednej podveski
  • 2 17 proverka amortizatora
  • 2 18 proverka radiatora
  • 2 19 proverka jelektroprovodki
  • 2 2 motornoe maslo
  • 2 20 proverka urovnja tormoznoj zhidkosti
  • 2 21 zamena tormoznoj zhidkosti kazhdye 2 goda
  • 2 22 proverka perednih tormoznyh kolodok
  • 2 23 proverka tormoznyh shlangov
  • 2 24 proverka urovnja zhidkosti v usilitele rulevogo upravlenija
  • 2 25 filtr pylcy
  • 2 26 akkumuljatornaja batareja
  • 2 27 sharniry dverej
  • 2 28 wetki stekloochistitelej
  • 2 29 kod i nomer dvigatelja
  • 2 3 proverka sistemy vypuska
  • 2 30 buksirnye proushiny
  • 2 4 sistema ohlazhdenija dvigatelja
  • 2 5 zamena svechej zazhiganija
  • 2 6 sliv vody iz toplivnogo filtra dizelnogo dvigatelja v6 tdi
  • 2 7 zamena toplivnogo filtra dizelnogo dvigatelja v6 v8 tdi
  • 2 8 proverka germetichnosti shlangov
  • 2 9 zamena filtrujuwego jelementa vozdushnogo filtra
  • 2 tehnicheskoe obsluzhivanie
  • 20 1 obwie svedenija
  • 20 2 rulevoe koleso s podushkoj bezopasnosti
  • 20 3 rulevaja kolonka
  • 20 4 rulevoj mehanizm
  • 20 5 nakonechnik rulevoj tjagi
  • 20 6 nasos usilitelja rulevogo upravlenija avtomobilej s benzinovymi dvigateljami 2 8 l
  • 20 7 ugly ustanovki perednih koles
  • 20 rulevoe upravlenie
  • 21 1 obwie svedenija
  • 21 10 remont perednego supporta fn 3
  • 21 11 remont perednego supporta hp 2
  • 21 12 remont perednego supporta brembo
  • 21 13 remont zadnego supporta
  • 21 14 tormoznoj disk
  • 21 15 rychag stojanochnogo tormoza
  • 21 16 regulirovka stojanochnogo tormoza
  • 21 17 trosy stojanochnogo tormoza
  • 21 18 prokachka gidravlicheskogo privoda tormozov
  • 21 2 antiblokirovochnaja sistema tormozov abs
  • 21 3 jelektronnaja sistema stabilizacii kursovoj ustojchivosti esp
  • 21 4 obwie rekomendacii po jekspluatacii i remontu antiblokirovochnoj sistemy tormozov i jelektronnoj sistemy stabilizacii
  • 21 5 proverka rotora datchika abs
  • 21 6 zamena tormoznyh kolodok perednego tormoza fn 3
  • 21 7 zamena tormoznyh kolodok perednego tormoza hp 2
  • 21 8 zamena tormoznyh kolodok perednego tormoza brembo
  • 21 9 zamena zadnih tormoznyh kolodok
  • 21 tormoznaja sistema
  • 22 1 obwie svedenija
  • 22 10 perednee krylo
  • 22 11 kapot
  • 22 12 oblicovka radiatora
  • 22 13 tros otkrytija zamka kapota
  • 22 14 obivka dveri
  • 22 15 perednjaja dver i kronshtejn dveri
  • 22 16 steklo perednej dveri
  • 22 17 steklopodemnik perednej dveri
  • 22 18 zamok perednej dveri
  • 22 19 ruchka perednej dveri
  • 22 2 uhod za kuzovom
  • 22 20 vetrovoe i zadnee stekla
  • 22 21 vewevoj jawik
  • 22 22 cilindr zamka vewevogo jawika
  • 22 23 kozhuhi rulevoj kolonki
  • 22 24 centralnaja konsol
  • 22 25 vnutrennee zerkalo zadnego vida
  • 22 26 vnutrennee zerkalo zadnego vida zakreplennoe na kryshe
  • 22 27 panel priborov
  • 22 28 perednee sidene
  • 22 29 podushka zadnego sidenja
  • 22 3 uhod za obivkoj i kovrikami
  • 22 30 spinka zadnego sidenja
  • 22 31 kovrovoe pokrytie
  • 22 32 jelementy obivki interera
  • 22 33 ochistitel vetrovogo stekla
  • 22 34 sopla omyvatelja
  • 22 4 remont neznachitelnyh povrezhdenij kuzova
  • 22 5 perednij bamper
  • 22 6 regulirovka polozhenija perednego bampera
  • 22 7 zadnij bamper
  • 22 8 regulirovka polozhenija zadnego bampera
  • 22 9 proverka amortizatora udara
  • 22 kuzov
  • 23 1 obwie svedenija
  • 23 10 blok upravlenija e87 sistemoj kondicionirovanija
  • 23 11 kronshtejn kompressora kondicionera
  • 23 2 vozduhozabornik s otkidnoj stvorkoj
  • 23 3 ventiljator
  • 23 4 rezistor ventiljatora
  • 23 5 filtr pylcy
  • 23 6 centralnye ventiljacionnye reshetki
  • 23 7 bokovaja ventiljacionnaja reshetka
  • 23 8 verhnjaja bokovaja ventiljacionnaja reshetka
  • 23 9 bokovoe soplo razmorazhivanija
  • 23 sistema otoplenija i kondicionirovanija
  • 24 1 obwie svedenija
  • 24 10 generator
  • 24 11 sistema puska dvigatelja
  • 24 12 starter
  • 24 13 fary
  • 24 14 zamena lamp vneshnego osvewenija
  • 24 15 lampa blizhnego sveta i ili protivotumannaja lampa
  • 24 16 lampa dalnego sveta far
  • 24 17 regulirovka sveta far
  • 24 18 perednij ukazatel povorota
  • 24 19 bokovoj povtoritel povorota
  • 24 2 jelektricheskie cepi
  • 24 20 lampy zadnego fonarja v kryle
  • 24 21 zadnij fonar v kryle
  • 24 22 lampy zadnego fonarja v kryshke bagazhnika
  • 24 23 zadnij fonar v kryshke bagazhnika
  • 24 24 verhnij stop signal
  • 24 25 perednij fonar osvewenija salona
  • 24 26 kombinacija priborov
  • 24 27 perekljuchateli rulevoj kolonki
  • 24 28 cilindr zamka zazhiganija
  • 24 29 zamok zazhiganija
  • 24 3 predohraniteli
  • 24 30 vykljuchateli centralnoj sekcii paneli priborov
  • 24 31 vykljuchatel obogrevatelja zadnego sidenja
  • 24 32 perekljuchatel regulirovki polozhenija zerkala
  • 24 33 perednie perekljuchateli steklopodemnikov
  • 24 34 zadnie perekljuchateli steklopodemnikov
  • 24 35 radiopriemnik
  • 24 36 dinamiki perednej dveri
  • 24 37 dinamiki zadnej dveri
  • 24 38 dinamiki zadnej polki
  • 24 39 proverka obogrevatelja zadnego stekla
  • 24 4 jelektronnye bloki v motornom otseke
  • 24 5 jelektronnye bloki v nishe dlja nog passazhira
  • 24 6 blok plavkih predohranitelej v nishe dlja nog passazhira
  • 24 7 blok rele v nishe dlja nog voditelja
  • 24 8 dopolnitelnyj kronshtejn rele v bagazhnom otdelenii
  • 24 9 akkumuljatornaja batareja
  • 24 jelektrooborudovanie
  • 3 1 obwie svedenija
  • 3 10 porshni i shatuny
  • 3 11 vpusknoj kollektor
  • 3 12 levaja kryshka golovki bloka cilindrov
  • 3 13 pravaja kryshka golovki bloka cilindrov
  • 3 14 golovka bloka cilindrov
  • 3 15 raspredelitelnyj val
  • 3 16 proverka gidravlicheskih tolkatelej klapanov
  • 3 2 snjatie i ustanovka dvigatelja
  • 3 3 poliklinovoj remen
  • 3 4 gasitel kolebanij
  • 3 5 zamena zubchatogo remnja
  • 3 6 dvuhmassovyj mahovik
  • 3 7 frikcionnaja nakladka
  • 3 8 datchik chastoty vrawenija dvigatelja
  • 3 9 kolenchatyj val
  • 3 benzinovye dvigateli 2 8 l
  • 4 1 obwie svedenija
  • 4 2 snjatie i ustanovka dvigatelja
  • 4 3 poliklinovoj remen
  • 4 4 zamena zubchatogo remnja
  • 4 5 golovka bloka cilindrov
  • 4 6 klapannyj mehanizm
  • 4 7 raspredelitelnye valy
  • 4 benzinovye dvigateli 3 7 i 4 2 l
  • 5 1 obwie svedenija
  • 5 2 rekomendacii po snjatiju dvigatelja
  • 5 3 shkiv nasosa usilitelja rulevogo upravlenija
  • 5 4 poliklinovoj remen
  • 5 5 zubchatyj remen
  • 5 6 kolenchatyj val
  • 5 7 golovka bloka cilindrov
  • 5 8 klapannyj mehanizm
  • 5 dizelnye dvigateli 2 5 l
  • 6 1 obwie svedenija
  • 6 10 snjatie pravoj golovki bloka cilindrov
  • 6 11 raspredelitelnyj val
  • 6 2 snjatie i ustanovka dvigatelja
  • 6 3 perednjaja poperechina motornogo otseka
  • 6 4 poliklinovyj remen
  • 6 5 zubchatyj remen
  • 6 6 kolenchatyj val
  • 6 7 levaja kryshka golovki bloka cilindrov
  • 6 8 pravaja kryshka golovki bloka cilindrov
  • 6 9 snjatie levoj golovki bloka cilindrov
  • 6 dizelnye dvigateli 3 3 l
  • 7 1 obwie svedenija
  • 7 2 trebovanija bezopasnosti i preduprezhdenija
  • 7 3 rabota sistemy upravlenija dvigatelem
  • 7 4 proverka sistemy vpryska topliva
  • 7 5 toplivnyj bak
  • 7 6 toplivnyj nasos datchik urovnja topliva
  • 7 7 tros akseleratora
  • 7 8 sistema zazhiganija
  • 7 sistemy zazhiganija i vpryska topliva benzinovyh dvigatelej
  • 8 1 obwie svedenija
  • 8 2 kataliticheskij nejtralizator
  • 8 sistema vypuska otrabotavshih gazov avtomobilej s benzinovymi dvigateljami
  • 9 1 obwie svedenija
  • 9 2 toplivnyj bak
  • 9 3 toplivnyj nasos datchik urovnja topliva
  • 9 4 toplivnyj rasshiritelnyj bachok
  • 9 5 toplivnyj filtr
  • 9 sistema pitanija dizelnyh dvigatelej