3.1. General information
Install six-cylinder V-shaped engines with liquid cooling on cars. The engine have in a motor compartment it is longitudinal. Cylinders of the engine are cast from gray cast iron for a single whole with the block of cylinders. Heads of the block of cylinders are made of light alloy and fasten to the block of cylinders bolts. In a head of the block of cylinders steel guides of the plug of valves and a saddle of valves are pressed. To the lower part of the block of cylinders of the engine the oil pallet in which the oil necessary for lubricant and cooling of the engine flows down fastens.
In engines the scheme of a cross stream at which fuel-air mix comes to engine cylinders on the one hand of the engine is used, and the fulfilled gases are removed on the other side of the engine. At such design of the engine filling of cylinders with fuel-air mix and removal of products of combustion considerably improves.
On each section of the block of cylinders the separate head with the camshaft is established. Camshafts are put in action by a gear belt. Gaps in valves are regulated automatically with use of hydraulic pushers therefore in use manual adjustment is not required.
For supply of oil to the rubbing surfaces the oil pump located in a forward cover of a bent shaft and put in action from a bent shaft serves in the engine. Under pressure oil moves on channels to bearings of cranked and distributive shaft.
The water pump is located in a forward part of the engine and is put in action by a gear belt. Keep in mind that the cooling system of the engine has to be filled all the year round with mix of antifreeze and water with the low content of lime.
Preparation and ignition of fuel-air mix in cylinders of the engine is carried out by an engine control system which does not demand adjustments in use. The corner of an advancing of ignition and frequency of rotation of idling are regulated by a control system of the engine. When carrying out maintenance it is necessary to replace spark plugs and the filtering element of the air filter.
The fan of a radiator can turn on after a stop of the engine and switching off of ignition therefore at work on the hot engine be careful. In order that the fan of a radiator did not turn on, disconnect the electric socket from the radiator fan electric motor.