22.2. Care of a body
Regularly check a condition of a body. Otherwise corrosion of certain sites of a body can lead to its strong damage and further – to expensive repair. It is necessary to pay attention to the hidden parts of the car, for example, to the bottom, arches of wheels and the lower part of a motor compartment, and also parts of a body under an upholstery. A basic element of care of a body is the sink. Wash a body with a large amount of water a soft sponge or a brush. The varnish covering cannot be washed with a stream with a strong pressure. Pour over the car from a hose and wash away dirt from top to down. Often rinse a sponge. Wipe the car with pure rags. Apply only the high-quality degreasing washing substances. For the purpose of protection of a surface of a body for a sink add the washing preservatives to water. It is forbidden to wash and dry the car in the sun as on a varnish surface there can be spots. Salt with which roads strew makes harmful effects on a car body.
After a wash of the car because of humidity efficiency of action of brakes decreases. It is recommended to dry brake disks short-term pressing a brake pedal in a start of motion.
Purely washed up and dried up varnish covering needs to be processed every 3 month the preserving means to protect the surface of the car from atmospheric influence by creation of a pore-free water-repellent wax layer.
At once to remove the flowed-out fuel, oil or lubricant, and also brake fluid, otherwise color of a varnish covering will change.
Processing of a surface needs to be repeated if water does not gather in drops, and spreads on a surface. Regular processing by the preserving means promotes safety of gloss of a varnish covering.
There is also other possibility of protection of varnish coverings – by means of the washing preservatives. However the washing preservatives provide reliable protection of varnish coverings only in case are used at each wash of the car and at least in 2–3 weeks.
After use of the washing (foam-forming) means additional processing of a surface by preservatives especially is recommended.
Preservation cannot be carried out in the open sun.
Polishing of a varnish surface is necessary only in case it faded owing to insufficient leaving, influence of dust, harmful gases, weather conditions and the preserving means cannot restore its gloss.
It is not necessary to apply rough polishing pastes and chemically active polishing means, despite previously good results.
Before polishing the car needs to be washed up and to dry up carefully. To further adhere to the instruction for use of the polishing means.
It is necessary to polish with small sites in order to avoid premature drying of polish. After processing of a surface some polishing means additional preservation is necessary. It is forbidden to polish in the open sun. Opaque varnish surfaces cannot be processed the preserving and polishing means.
Removal of bituminous spots
Bituminous spots quickly get into varnish coverings, and it is impossible to remove them completely already. Fresh spots can be removed the soft rag moistened in special liquid for removal of bituminous spots. In case of emergency it is necessary to use usual gasoline, kerosene or turpentine.
Removal of insects
Insects contain substances which can damage a varnish film if quickly not to remove them. Use the weak slightly warm soap or washing solution or special means for removal of insects.
Care of details from artificial materials
Plastic details, seats from imitation leather, a headlight, and also the details painted in opaque black color it is possible to wash with water with addition of special detergents. It is not recommended to wet. Plastic details can be processed if necessary special cleaners. Not to use nitrosolvent or gasoline at all.
Care of rubber consolidations
Periodically to strew the condensing or sliding surfaces with talc or to spray silicone аэрозолью. It will keep their elasticity and will exclude a scratch when closing doors. It is possible to eliminate unpleasant sounds, having wiped the adjoining surfaces with liquid soap.
Disks of wheels
Light-alloy wheels of wheels demand leaving, especially in cold season. For this purpose it is possible to use special means for cleaning of disks. It is impossible to apply active, acidiferous, silnoshchelochny and rough cleaners or water with the temperature over + 60 °C.
Seat belts should be washed with weak soap solution, without removing them. Not to subject them to dry cleaning which can cause destruction of fibers. To twist belts with automatic winding in the dried-up state, if necessary to use special an aerosol for the best sliding. It is not recommended to dry belts at a temperature over 80 °C and in the open sun.